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Graphics and Design | Chattahoochee High School

Archive for the ‘History of Visual Communications’ Category

History of Photography from the 4th Century to Present Day

May 24, 2011

The image above is of a Daguerreotype image. Louis Daguerre invented the Daguerreotype process.  An advantage of the Daguerreotype process was that it reduced exposure time.  The disadvantages of the process were that it was expensive and images couldn’t be duplicated. The image above is of a Calotype image. William Fox Talbot invented the Calotype […]

History of the Computer from 1936 to Present Day

May 11, 2011

The image above is of the UNIVAC computer made in 1951. The image above is of the IBM 701 EDPM computer made in 1953. The image above is of the IBM PC made in 1981. The image above is of the Apple Lisa computer made in 1983. The image above is of the Apple Macintosh […]

The Linotype Machine 1884

March 30, 2011

The image above is of Shole’s typewriter. The image above is of Mergenthaler’s linotype machine. The image above is of an operator using a linotype machine. The typewriter was such an important piece of history because for years it was the only way to type.  Typesetting is the process of setting a material into type […]

The Gutenberg Press 1436

March 30, 2011

The way the Gutenberg Press worked was that first, ink was rolled over a raised surface of movable hand-set black letters that were held together in a wooden form.  The form was then pressed against a sheet of paper.  The Gutenberg Press is an example of  letterpress printing. The image above is of the Gutenberg […]

The Codex and the Illuminated Manuscript 4th Century AD

March 29, 2011

The image above is of a scroll. The image above is of a codex. The image above is of an illuminated manuscript. The word codex is derived from the Latin meaning, “block of wood,” because a codex is compact and sturdy like a block of wood.  The codex evolved from the scroll.  Random access is […]

Creation of the Phonetic Alphabet 1050 BC

March 25, 2011

The image above is of a stone that has letters of the Phoenician alphabet carved into it. The image above is of Greek writing carved into stone. The image above is of Roman writing carved into stone. The Phoenician alphabet was successful because it was easy for people to learn when compared to previous writing […]

Hieroglyphics and the Egyptians 4000 BC

March 10, 2011

The image above is of hieroglyphics in an Egyptian tomb. The image above is of hieroglyphics found on an Egyptian temple. The image above is of Egyptian hieroglyphics on papyrus. A scribe is someone who writes books and other documents and assists a community in keeping track of their records.  Demotic script was a cursive […]

Secrets of the Rosetta Stone

March 9, 2011

I give this movie a 4 out of 5.  The movie is about the discovery of the Rosetta Stone and peoples’ attempts at translating it.  The film discusses how the stone was discovered by a group of Napoleon Bonaparte’s men during the annexation of Egypt.  The men found the stone, and thought it might be […]

Cuneiform and the Sumerians 30th Century BC

February 17, 2011

The picture above is of early Sumerian cuneiform.   The picture above is of an evolved form of Sumerian cuneiform.   The picture above is of Akkadian cuneiform. The three pictures above that are of different forms of cuneiform are all similar in that they are each made up of symbols that look similar, and […]

Cave Paintings 30,000 Years Ago

February 15, 2011

The cave painting shown above is located in Lascaux.   The cave painting shown above is located in Altamira.   The cave painting shown above is located in Chauvet. Cave paintings are designs painted on the walls and ceilings of caves. Prehistoric man created cave paintings by mixing all sorts of things like water, soil, […]